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Mortality, Health and Development in India 2011 mortality  health and development in india 2011
Mortality, Health and Development in India is a collection of selected papers presented at Bhopal Seminar 2011. The monograph covers a range of topics including child under nutrition, adult and child mortality, mortality differentials, utilisation of health services, health rationale of family planning in India and in its constituent States. The monograph also covers issues related to the implementation of National Rural Health Mission at the grass roots level, current status of social and economic development across the constituent States of India, changing role of female education on fertility decline, health status of old female widows and role of men in women's reproductive health. Poplicy and programme implications of the prevailing mortality, health and development situation in India and strategies to address the situation have also been discussed in the papers included in the monograph.
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Child Health and Mortality in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
Child malnutrition and child mortality plagues an excessively large number of children in India. The prevalence of high malnourished child puts the country slightly off target to achieve the child malnutrition related millennium development goals. Using the data generated by National Family Health Survey, Government of India, this study examines the trends and determinants of undernutritional status and child mortality in India. Analyzing the determinants of child nutritional status and child mortality in India, this study makes some alternative policy suggestions for reducing the rate of child mortality and undernutritional status of children in India. The Book is envisaged to cater the needs of the Students of Economics, Demography, Education, Health & Hygiene and sociology. It is expected that the findings of the study would be useful to academicians in general, planners and policy makers.
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Human Development and Population in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
Human Development and Population in India covers a range of human development and population related issues specific to Madhya Pradesh, one of the least developed states of the country. It covers pertinent human development issues - social class and regional disparities, child deprivation, poverty trends and differentials, economic growth, health and longevity, elementary education and as contemporary population concerns - transition in the age and sex structure of the population, fertility and child mortality. The topics covered in the monograph highlight the prevailing human development scenario and the progress in population transition in the state. The monograph emphasises integration of programmes and interventions directed towards hastening the pace of population transition with human development processes and calls for creating, strengthening and sustaining institutions to build up the capacity in this regard.
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Age Specific Mortality in India: Levels Trends and Differentials mortality  health and development in india 2011
Past several decades, the world have witnessed some astonishing global health, success story-from reducing child and adult mortality, while increasing life expectancy of the people. Many developing and developed nations have had decades to adjust to their changing age structures. Reducing severe mortality from disease and health conditions is one key to holding down health and social costs. Reducing the child mortality and increasing the life expectancy is achievements of local label accessibility and availability of health care services. The improvement in life expectancy and decline in age-specific death rate among the elderly are particularly due to the improvements in public health and medical advances in the prevention of many fatal infectious diseases.
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Global Health: IMR as a crucial Indicator for MDG 4 mortality  health and development in india 2011
Global health is the application of public health practice to health issues that transcend national boundaries. Low birth weight & high neonatal mortality are few examples of global health issues. The Millennium Development Goals were endorsed by all United Nations Member States at the 2000 Millennium Summit where health is at the core of the MDGs & Goal 4 is to reduce child mortality by two thirds with emphasis on infant deaths which contributes majority of under 5 mortality. The MDG goal for India is to reduce infant mortality rate to 35 per 1000 live births by 2015. The study explores the medical & socioeconomic causes of infant deaths assessed by Verbal Autopsy instrument in a tribal district with high IMR in India where 75% deaths occurred in Neonatal period mainly due to prematurity, Low birth weight, Asphyxia & poverty as main cause. This book is aimed at policymakers, MCH program managers, researchers and medical/public health graduates. Given the inadequate progress made so far in achieving MDG 4, an urgent change is required to meet the challenges of introducing and scaling up effective public health interventions to overcome inequity in access and health outcomes.
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Mortality during infancy and its Clustering in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
The level of infant mortality has been regarded as an explicit indicator to measure the extent of health problems associated with a population as well as its socio-economic development. Since the Indian states are quite diverse in the social, economic, cultural geographical and environmental conditions, they also differ in the pace of mortality transition. Some states have very less infant, neonatal and postnatal mortality like Kerala and while some has very high infant, neonatal and postnatal mortality like Madhya Pradesh. Although the overall infant mortality rate of India is declining, there is some retardation with the pace of decline of infant mortality rate. The present levels of infant and child mortality are quite high and need immediate attention. Consequently, for the policy makers, this remains a difficult task to tackle. National family health survey-1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06 data are used for the analysis. The result shows that there is clustering of infant deaths in the major Indian states and it is not uniformly distributed with different socio-economic characteristics. Infant death clustering increased significantly over the time.
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Maternal Mortality & Human Development Indicators in Delta,Nigeria mortality  health and development in india 2011
Baseline data on the levels and trends of maternal mortality is critical to development plans, socio-economic projections and resource allocation to varying tiers of spatial scales competing for scarce development resources.Information about maternal mortality is needed not only for what it tells us about the risk of pregnancy and childbirth but also for what it implies about women’s health in general.The geography of maternal mortality in Nigeria indicates the near-absence of baseline locale-specific information on maternal health statistics disaggregated into multi-spatial scales. This work examines the situation and changes in the incidence of maternal mortality in the context of its human development indicators in Delta State. The study covered years 2003 to 2010, comprising of pre and post intervention periods. The mixed method research design employed is ecological and population-based; employing both statistical and cartographic analysis.The study has both intellectual and policy implications and it will be very relevant to population and medical geographers as well as to other stakeholders with an enthusiasm for and a commitment to health and development work.
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Perinatal Mortality in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
The present work mainly emphasizes the role of pre- natal mortality in overall infant mortality, its trends in India over the period, and analyses its possible determinants. The book discusses all the components of perinatal mortality i.e. early neonatal deaths and stillbirths very comprehensively to capture the scenario in Indian context. This would be of a great interest for the readers especially working in the field of health and mortality studies, professionals, and policy makers. The book is organized into seven chapters. The first two chapters are pledged with the general background and research design. Chapter-3 assesses levels, trends, and state level as well as rural/urban differentials in perinatal mortality and its components. Chapter-4 includes the all India and state level estimates of early neonatal mortality, its contribution in overall infant mortality as well as its determinants. The fifth and sixth chapters analyze the determinants of stillbirths and perinatal mortality, and model the pathways of their predictors respectively. The last chapter summarizes and concludes the study with major findings in wake of certain policy implications.
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Challenges of leadership in addressing determinants of maternal health mortality  health and development in india 2011
Women's health is an economic investment in any country. But, maternal mortality is a daunting effect in many developing countries. Many women are dying because of direct and indirect causes daily. In addition to the mentioned causes, underlying determinants of maternal health have a profound effect on maternal health. Identifying these determinants and assessing the challenges and roles of government leadership in addressing these factors will help the concerned bodies to take immediate measures to improve maternal health, especially in the sub Saharan Africa in which maternal mortality is the highest. Hence, it is not possible to plan development without healthy women community,improving maternal health is becoming a development agenda. Therefore,all these are on the hands of leadership and needs effective leadership.
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Morbidity in Uttar Pradesh: Its Levels, Patterns and Determinants mortality  health and development in india 2011
Health for all by the year 2000 AD was a national goal set by the Indian policy makers over 20 years ago in Alam Ata. Since then a lot of planning, effort and public expenditure has been devoted to improve the human health both in rural and urban parts of India. After the improvement in health status, the focus is shifting from mortality to morbidity. The main reason behind is that, better health conditions in terms of mortality and life expectancy do not show the whole picture of the population health. The simple example of this is Kerala in India, where Mortality is found very low but the reporting of morbidity is found very high, even highest in all states of India. Therefore morbidity is increasingly considered as a significant indicator of human well being and attracting the focus of social scientist. Study examined the Morbidity Prevalence among population groups by socio, economic and demographic factors in Uttar Pradesh which is highest populous state of India.
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Child Mortality Risk Factors with associated Socio-economic Inequality mortality  health and development in india 2011
Child mortality is a critical issue in the fields of global health and development economics. This is a macro indicator of overall community health as well as a micro indicator of household. This book seeks to determine the correlates of child mortality in Bangladesh since this is important in the formulation of programs to improve the survival and health of children. Also inequalities in mortality rates and health care seeking behavior by socioeconomic classes are investigated because sharp inequalities among the rich and poor can become a significant obstacle to progress toward reaching the Millennium Development Goal 4 target. Findings from this empirical study suggest that attention should be paid to the significant mortality factors as well as special concentration on monitoring under-five child mortality among different socioeconomic classes is needed. The analysis would be helpful for health program planners to take appropriate actions for reducing under-five mortality and thus by scaling up interventions rapid gains in child survival could be produced.
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Neonatal Mortality in South Asia mortality  health and development in india 2011
In the present study an attempt has been made to analyses Demographic and Health Survey data of four selected countries of South Asia namely India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan at two different survey points. Broadly it is observed that four factors have significant relation with the three indicators of mortality (i.e. on first day, first week and first month). Institutional delivery has a positive effect. Female sex has a negative effect. Longer birth interval (2+) has a negative effect. Working mothers have high mortality of children. Antenatal care (3+) and Tetanus toxide injections (2+) which are essential component of maternal health care do not show any significant relationship with mortality except in India.
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Growth Faltering and Under-Five Mortality in Uganda mortality  health and development in india 2011
Under-five mortality in Uganda; Determinants, Trends and Millennium Development Goal four is an essential book for development practitioners in professional and academic circles as well as for students. It provides a perspective on child health programming for policy makers, programme managers, field officers and policy analyst. The most remarkable feature is the insight it gives on the programmatic approaches in dealing a final blow to child mortality in developing countries. The book also provides an essential guide to a modern research approach in mortality studies with more focus to developing countries. It covers one of the comprehensive child survival theories commonly adapted in mortality studies. Many professional researchers and research students find it difficult to study child survival in development countries due to complex mortality theories, insufficient data and limited methodologies. Under-five mortality in Uganda; Determinants, Trends and Millennium Development Goal four demystifies that fact and it is a must read for researchers with a profound interest in mortality studies.
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Role of ICDS Services on Maternal and Child Health in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
India, on one hand, is progressing in several sectors of development but so far as women and children are concerned, India is still lagging behind. Infant mortality, maternal mortality, malnutrition among children, high prevalence of anemia among children and women, high incidence of childhood diseases, declining sex ratio of population under six years, socio-economic status of women etc. are the areas which need more attention and concerted efforts for improvement. As a result, Government of India launched a holistic programme called Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). The ICDS scheme is the country’s comprehensive and multi-dimensional programme. ICDS is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to her children and their mother as well. ICDS services can improve the child and maternal health and ICDS programme can make a change if it works properly at least at sub-national level. ICDS has been and is an excellent mother and child development programme. Therefore, professionals, administrators and politicians should feel obliged to continue making their contributions to the effective implementation of ICDS programme to make our future generation healthy and productive.
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Multidimensional Poverty and Reproductive and Child Health in India mortality  health and development in india 2011
With the evolution of human development paradigm in 1990,there has been a shift from money metric poverty to multidimensional poverty, both at research agenda and policy formulation. The Millennium Declaration 2000 outlined the need to reduce poverty in its all form and highlighted the inter-linkages of the developmental goals. More recently, the UNDP disseminated the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) in 2010 and suggested to measure the growing poverty and inequality in the state of human development, using the MPI. The goal of this research is both methodological and empirical. The methodological goal is to measure the multidimensional poverty and the empirical goal is to understand the state of reproductive and child health among multidmensionally poor households using unit data from the National Family Heath Survey 3 (NFHS 3). The multidimensional poverty is measured in three key domain of human development, namely, health, knowledge and standard of living. The reproductive and child health is measured with respect to antenatal care, maternal care, contraceptive use, immunization coverage of children, infant mortality and under-five mortality.
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Community Health Care Program: Assets & Pitfall mortality  health and development in india 2011
Community Health Care Program is an innovative, inter-disciplinary and unique approach launched by Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University Nagpur, India first time in India in 2011 through department of Community Medicine of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (M) Wardha The main aim of the program was to introduce a comprehensive health care approach in the community along with the development of team spirit in newly entered medical and Para-medical students (i.e. Medical, Dental and Nursing students). The program encourages empathy and understanding; motivates students to learn; encourage the student to gain in confidence; and gives them a greater knowledge of professional roles and responsibilities and the illnesses they need to recognize and treat. Thus the CHCP approach in training of the under graduates gives better understanding of the subject and benefit to community.
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